Beginner's Guide to Web Development

The process of building and managing websites is known as web development. It is behind-the-scenes work that makes a website appear up to the mark. Web development is responsible for providing a seamless experience to the visitors on the webpage. In today’s digital world, web development is a demanding skill with a good salary.

Web development is divided into two categories - Front-end and back-end development are known as client-side and server-side development respectively.

Front-end development is the process of creating the content, design, and interaction that a user sees when they open a web application. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are used to do this.

The back end refers to the application's internal workings, which are stored on the server. Back-end developers work with data using programming languages such as Java, Python, and Ruby.

In this article, we'll focus mostly on front-end development. HTML (Hypertextual Markup Language) is a markup language for creating web pages. It's the most widely used language for building websites. The structure of a Web page is described using HTML. A series of elements make up HTML. HTML elements direct how the content is displayed in the browser.

Comments in HTML

Comments are lines of text or code that are written in your code to explain the code. However, the comments are not visible to the user. In HTML coding, the comment tag () is used to add comments. It is a good coding practice to help the developer and the reader comprehend the code. The comment tag comes in handy while debugging code. Notifications and reminders can be added to your HTML code using comments.

HTML comments are divided into three types:

  • Single-line comment

  • Multi-lines comment

  • Using <comment> tag

Basic HTML Tag

To create web pages, a beginner should be familiar with some basic HTML tags. These are some of the widely used HTML tags.

  1. <!DOCTYPE> - It specifies the type of document.

  2. <html> - It is used to specify an HTML document.

  3. <head> - It holds the document's metadata and information.

  4. <title> - It establishes the document's title.

  5. <h1> to <h6> - This is used to designate HTML headings.

  6. <br> - A single line break is inserted using this tag.

HTML Document

The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration is used to declare an HTML5 document. The root element of an HTML page is the <html> element. The <body> element defines the document's body which includes all content like headlines, paragraphs, pictures, hyperlinks, tables, and lists. <h1> denotes a larger header, while <p> denotes a paragraph. The picture is embedded in the position it appears on the website using the img> element. This is accomplished through the use of the src (source) element, which contains the path to the image file.

Learn more about HTML and forms in the tutorial below

CSS Basics

The code that styles web content is called CSS (Cascading Style Sheets). A style sheet language is SS. CSS is used to style HTML elements selectively. CSS is used to determine the design, layout, and display variants for different devices and screen sizes on web pages. This improves content accessibility, provides more flexibility and control in the defining of presentation features, and enables the layout of several web pages to be shared by declaring the required CSS in a separate css file. It can decrease structural content complexity and repetition while simultaneously enhancing page load time between pages that share the file and its formatting.

Types of CSS

  1. Inline - Inline CSS is a style that is applied to a single HTML element. You should use the style property to the relevant tag if you want to apply inline CSS. The attributes and values of the style attribute are specified.

  2. Internal CSS - The style element in the head section of the HTML document is another approach to insert CSS. This is referred to as internal style. By choosing the element(s) and providing styling attributes in the style element, one may give HTML elements styling. It's also referred to as embedded CSS.

  3. External CSS - External CSS is used to link web pages to a .css file hosted on another server. Any text editor on the device can be used to construct it. This CSS technique is more efficient, particularly when styling a huge website. You may alter your entire site by altering a single.css file.

Are you interested in learning more about CSS? To discover how to apply CSS in practice, watch the video below.

JS Basics

JavaScript is an interpretive scripting language and lightweight. It's made to help you build network-centric apps. It works in conjunction with Java and complements it. Because JavaScript is interwoven with HTML, it's very simple to use. It is cross-platform and open source.

Javascript allows you to add interactive features to your web pages. Javascript can do it all, from displaying animations to showing and hiding information with a single click! Developers may use a number of JavaScript frameworks to design and construct online and mobile apps.

JavaScript frameworks are collections of JavaScript code libraries that give developers pre-written code for common programming features and tasks, basically, a framework around which to construct websites and web apps. Game development can also be done with Javascript.

Watch the video below to get started with Javascript and learn more about it.

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